Levadas in Madeira Amazing Tropical Hiking Experiences

How about walking in paradise? That is how it feels to walk next to Levadas in Madeira island in Portugal, through luscious forests, waterfalls, and serenity. There is not a single exaggeration to that. If you haven’t been to Madeira yet, this post is the one that will impose you the desire to go there.

It is neither far or expensive as the name “Madeira” may sound to you. You do want to read our experience for the best food tour in Lisbon. Madeira is a 2-hour flight from Lisbon. Do read about all the things you can do in Lisbon, day trips from Lisbon and all the things you can do in Portugal.

What is a Levada?

A Levada (plural: Levadas) is a canal of water. You can see it flowing peacefully next to us, in the photo below. Imagine that are many that are built in chest level and do flow from the mountains to the valleys.

levadas madeira

They are popularly known as “Levadas da Madeira”. These canals are used in Madeira to transfer water from the mountains to different locations on the island. They are extremely well maintained.

Levadas are constructed in a way where the flow happens with the proper inclination of the Levada itself. In some locations (but rare) pumps are used in order to “push” the water a bit.

Levadas are used to supply Madeira with water for: drinking and cooking, washing the clothes, factories (i.e. processing sugar canes), agricultural purposes and so many more. 

They are not something met only in Madeira. When you walk the many miles next to different of them you will understand how they became so famous.

Facts About the Levadas in Madeira

Before seeing the spectacular photos from different hiking routes, next to Madeira Levadas, you need to know the following facts.

  • There is more than 2.100 km of Levadas in Madeira.
  • 25km of Levadas pass through tunnels.
  • Their origin goes back to the mid of 15th century.
  • Levadas are under the UNESCO World Heritage status.
  • Most Levadas have perfectly marked hiking paths next and over them.
  • Many Levadas were structured next to dangerous cliff’s; a sign of advanced engineering and courage.
  • Almost all of the walking paths in Madeira, no matter how long they are, they are quite easy to hike through.

Walking in the areas where Levadas in Madeira are, feels like heaven.

Levada do Caldeirão Verde

Here are 3 of the most popular and beautiful Levada walks in Madeira:

São Jorge – Levada do Rei

The name means “The Kings Levada” and you don’t want to miss this one as it is marked as a UNESCO natural heritage place. The route takes around 4 hours to complete (11km).

The walk is situated in the luscious valley of São Jorge. Along this route, you will notice lots of herbs and medicinal plants, used by the locals. Walk it along with a local guide can give you lots of insights for them.

Amazing Levada in Madeira Tropical Hiking Experiences

Watch the video from the location above.

This walking was our first experience with the overall concept of the Levadas and a prelude to what we were about to experience in a far higher level of “beautifulness”, in the forests of Madeira.

Levada do Rei

There are many stunning places to just stop and admire the surrounding scenery.

Levada do Rei

Levada Das 25 Fontes (Rabaçal 25 Springs)

It took its name from the 25 different fountains and waterfalls you meet while walking along this path. You need around 4 hours to complete this route (11km).

This route is an awe-inspiring paradise! 

Rabaçal 25 Springs

It is like walking through fairylands and singing waterfalls and fountains. This route brings you to 2 different places: The Risco waterfall and the Lagoon of 25 Springs.

Levada Das 25 Fontes

The flora along the path is mind-blowing.

Levada Das 25 Fontes

You end up to a magnificent waterfall in Risco.

Here is another video from nature during our walking.

In this video you see us getting out of a really long tunnel. Head-mounted flashlights were needed.

The View From Cabo Girao

Getting to Cabo Girao, was an extension visit after that Levada. This is a famous place due to its amazing view and the 580mt high cliff. There is a platform with a glass floor from where you can feel vertigo…

The surrounding view is very nice.

Here is how it is looking through the glass floor, 580mt high.

Levada do Caldeirão Verde – Levada of the Green Cauldron

This hiking takes place in one of the most remote areas of the island of Madeira in Queimadas. Again, you will spend around 4 to 5 hours (12km). 

It is a mossy paradise tropical rain forest (the forest of Laurissilva).

You start in this area…

Levada do Caldeirão Verde

Along the route and next to Levada’s, colors and environment are like this.

Levada do Caldeirão Verde

Beware! There are some tricky parts but in all such, there are safety ropes. The route is absolutely stunning.

There were some short tunnels in this area too (flashlight needed).

The end point is at the Caldeirão Verde’s waterfall. That point is a 100mt waterfall.

Here is the lagoon under the waterfall.

Levada do Caldeirão Verde

These Levadas in Madeira do create some amazing experiences, right?

levadas madeira

Hiking Tips for Levadas in Madeira

Well, enough for the facts. Let’s see some pictures from our Levada’s walkings in Madeira. Before that, some tips to have in mind:

  • Wear sturdy trekking boots. Routes are next to the water and all forests in Madeira are wet. It gets slippery and is better to wear waterproof ones but any technical boot will do. Avoid hiking shoes.
  • In different locations, you will encounter mud. If you don’t like it, bring gaiters. You will get a bit hot though while wearing them.
  • Have a pair of hiking poles. Most of the routes are not difficult but walking for long can get you tired.
  • Bring a head-mounted flashlight. There are many pitch-black tunnels along the Levanda pathways. They have no artificial lighting and their height changes as you walk.
  • Wear comfortable pants. Hiking leggings or a pair of hiking pants will do.
  • Don’t get overdressed. There is lots of humidity. See this post on how to wear clothes during hiking.
  • No need to bring lots of water in your backpack. Levada water is perfect to drink and refill. The water in Madeira is potable.
  • Have a day backpack. Try to be as lightweight as possible. Humidity will make you hot.
  • Have a rain jacket. An easy to pack thin rain jacket is a necessity. In some routes, you go through the falling water, while in others you can get close to waterfalls and its pouring nicely there.

Travel Tips for Madeira

  • Book proper Travel Insurance. That is a must for such trips that involve walking in tropical forests. Use this link
  • If you are a backpacker then read this post and use the link in it for booking with an insurance company that is specialized in backpackers.
  • Use this link to research for the best accommodation options. Maybe it is best to get a room in Funchal (capital) and use local transportation to get to all the different route entry points.
  • You need to book early for Madeira, especially if you plan to stay in Lisbon for a couple of days. Use this link.

Private Hiking Tours for Madeira Levadas

Some prefer to have a guide to show them around in a local destination. That is a great option if you don’t want to drive back after 5-7 hours of walking in a forest. Beware, that you need to pre-book if you need such a tour. 

Use this link to pre-book the activities tours in Madeira that are closely related to Levadas.

Madeira was proved to be a fantastic destination (more posts are coming).

Its flora and fauna left us dumbfounded. Madeira is such a vivid and rich in terms of natural beauty. Totally worth to spend a week there.

There are not many beaches, like in Mediterranean countries but the secrets are all in the mountains!




Easy routes through tropical forests. Paths are very well marked and safe (wearing proper hiking gear) if you are cautious.
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